The 8 steps of Balinese praying

Asana & Pranayama – The incense is lit and one prays in a composed, peaceful, harmonious state. Men usually sit cross-legged and the women kneel.

Karashadana – The incense smoke which rises to make connection with the gods is gathered in the hands and swept across the face, linking one with their gods.

Atmatatwa – Praying with open, empty hands to connect the soul to the gods.

Sryanamastuti – One flower, often a white frangipani, is held up in the finger tips, recognising the supreme god Sanghyang Widi Wasa who is symbolised by the daily rising of the sun.

Tri-murti – Recognize the trinity of Brahma, Wisnu and Iswara (or Siwa), the gods of creation, preservation and destruction, the cycle of life. This is done by holding colored flowers with the fingertips.

Samidaya – Three or more flowers are held up to symbolize the great unknowable Sanghyang Widi Wasa, the trinity of Brahma, Wisnu and Siwa and all of the lesser gods which are visualized in many forms and for many purposes throughout the world.

Shanti – A closing prayer with open hands again, seeking inner peace and world peace. This part of the prayer finishes with a smile to recognize the happiness of the peace.

Nunus Tirta – This part occurs when the prayer is made in a temple. The person waits quietly until the priest sprinkles holy water over the person. The right hand is cupped in the left, and is then held up and filled with holy water three times for drinking, and then three times to wash the head and face. A final handful is followed by grains of rice which are pressed to the forehead, the temples and the throat, with the final few eaten and sprinkled onto the head.

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